Chittaurgarh Fort


Overview

State: Rajasthan
Distance: 561 Km SW of Delhi
By Road: 12hrs
Location: In SE Rajasthan, near the Madhya Pradesh border, 113 Km from Udaipur, located on the banks of river Gambhiri and Berach.

Fast Fact

  • When to go Chittaurgarh

    Summer are awfully hot in central India, so winter months are the best time to go Chittaurgarh

Chittorgarh is a metropolis in Rajasthan state of western India. Being the home of the largest fort in asia, Chittorgarh Fort, it warmly opens its gates for tourists all over the world to admire its history. The district was bifurcated and a new district namely Pratap Garh was created with certain portion taken from Udaipur district in the newly created district of Pratap Garh.

Chittorgarh lies on the Berach River, a tributary of the Banas, and is the administrative headquarters of Chittorgarh District and a former capital of the Sisodia clans of Rajputs of Mewar.

HISTORY: Fiercely independent, the fort of Chittor was under siege thrice and each time they fought bravely and thrice Jauhar was committed by the ladies and children, first led by Rani Padmini, and later by Rani Karnavati.

The famous warriers Gora and Badal, in the war against Allaudin Khalji (1303 AD), have become legendary. The sacrifice of Jaimal and Phata in the war against the Mughals (1568 AD) was so great that the Mughal Empror Akbar installed their statues in the fort of Agra. It has also been land of worship for Meera.

  • Place to visit in Chittaurgarh

    Chittorgarh Fort
    In its day, this fort was the refuge of great Rajput warriors like Gora, Badal, Rana Kumbha, Maharana Pratap, Jaimal, Patta, etc, but today it serves as the most celebrated foundation of tourism for Chittorgarh region.

    The extremely famous Chittorgarh Fort is seated on a 180 meter hill, and covers an expanse of 700 acres. The history of its creation dates back to 7th Century AD by the Mauryans. However, there is a belief that it was constructed by Bhima of the Pancha Pandavas.

    Kalika Mata Temple
    Kalika Mata Temple was originally built in the 8th century for worshipping the Sun God and was later converted to a temple for mother Goddess, Kali in the 14th century. The architecture of this beautiful temple is much appreciated by all tourists.

    Vijay Stambh
    Vijay Stambha (victory tower), is a huge nine storey tower which was built by Maharana Kumbha to admire marvel at his victory over the Muslim rulers of Malwa and Gujarat in the year 1440. The tower is 122 ft (37 m) high and stands on a 10 ft (3.0 m) high base.

    Kirti Stambh
    Kirti Stambh is tower is dedicated to Rishabha, the first Tirthankara of the Jain religion. It was built by a merchant and is decorated with figures from the Jain pantheon.

    Rana Kumbha's Palace
    Rana Kumbha's Palace is perhaps the best place to visit and honour our country's history. Located near the Vijay Stambh, this is the birthplace of Maharana Udai Singh, the founder of Udaipur. there is an interesting story about how his life was saved by the heroic act of the maid Panna Dhay. Panna replaced her son in place of the prince, and as a result her son was killed by Banbir. She carried the prince away to safety in a fruit basket.

    Rani Padmini's Palace
    Rani Padmini's Palace is from which Alauddin Khilji (one of the rulers of Khilji dynasty during the sultanate rule over India) was allowed to watch a reflection of the Rani by replacing the mirror at such an angle that even if he turned back he could not see the room. Khilji had been warned by the Rani's husband Rawal Ratan Singh that if he turned back they would cut his neck.

    Sanwariyaji Temple (Lord Krishna Temple)
    It is a famous temple of Lord Krishna and an important pilgrimage spot. The Temple is located on the Chittorgarh - Udaipur road.

    Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary
    Bassi Wildlife sanctuary is located near Bassi, 5 km from Chittorgarh Fort on the western fringes of Vindhyachal Ranges. It covers an area of 50 Sq km filled with creatures like panthers, wild boars, antelopes, mongoose and migratory birds. The Sanctuary is covered with series of tableland, gentle slopes and vast streches of large lakes, water channels of which penetrate into the forest.

    Bijaipur
    Bijaipur village is famous for a marvelous castle that was built by Rao Shakti Singh, Maharan Pratap's younger brother. It is now converted into a heritage hotel by the name of Hotel Pratap Palace. Try to include an overnight stay in this castle as it really brings out the best time of your vacation!

    Sita Mata Sanctuary, Dharlyavad
    This thickly wooded jungle is celebrated for its association with the epic of Ramayan. According to the legend, Sita, Lord Ram's wife, stayed in this jungle in Rishi Valmiki's ashram after Lord Ram exiled her. This sanctuary sprawls over the Aravalli ranges and the Malwa plateau with three rivers flowing through the forest. The fauna here includes leopard, hyena, jungle fox, porcupine, sambhar, wild boar, four horned antelope, nilgai and flying squirrel.

    Menal
    Also known as the "Mini Khajuraho", Menal is blessed with nature's bounty. It presents before you, lush green forests with picturesque waterfalls and sounds of exotic birds filling in your ears as you treat your eyes with all the greenary that surrounds you.

    Bijolia
    On the Bundi-Chittaurgarh road, in Bhilwara district, is the old fort and city of Bijolia. In ancient times it was known as Vindhyavali. During Chauhan period, it became a famous centre for art and architecture. Several beautiful Shiva temples were constructed by the Chauhan rulers on this place. Unfortunately, most of the temples have either disappeared or are in ruins today. On the eastern side of the town near the city wall, there are three beautiful temples. Prominent amongst them is Hajaresvara Mahadeva temple. It has a high linga surrounded by hundreds of small lingas and hence called Hajaresvara or Sahastralinga. Because of the importance it holds in the Hindu Mythology, Bijolia offers abode to hundreds of pilgrims every year.

    Mandalgarh
    The Fort of Mandalgarh, situated at a distance of 54 Km from Chittorgarh city, is of historical importance because it has entertained so many fierce battles during the mediaeval times. The Fort of Mandalgarh is considered as the oldest fort in Rajasthan. To the North-West is a fort about half a mile in length with a low rampart wall and bastions encircling the crest of the hill on which it stands .The fort is said to have been constructed by a chief of the Balnote Clan of Rajputs (a branch of solankis). The fort houses a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and other Hindu gods.

    Nagri
    It is one of the oldest towns in Rajasthan north of Chottor. Hindu and Buddhist remains of the Mauryan to the Gupta period have been found here. It is 7 km from Bassi on Bundi- Chittorgarh road. Nagri is one of the most important townships of the Mauryan era in Rajasthan, situated on banks river Bairach. It was formerly known as Madhyamika, which flourished from the Maurya to Gupta era. The excavation over there unearthed many interesting facts and have shown signs of strong Hindu and Buddhist influence.
  • Famous markets of Chittaurgarh

    - Fort Road Market
    - Rana Sanga Market
    - Sadar Bazaar
    - Hindustan Zinc Smelter, Chittorgarh
    - Marble Industry in Chittorgarh
    - Cement Industry of Chittorgarh
    - Opium
    - Annual Fair Jauhar Mela
  • How to reach Chittaurgarh

    The Chittorgarh is situated at National Highway No. 76 & 79; both the Highways are crossing at Chittorgarh. National Highway 76 connects to Kota within 2 hours. Chittaur Garh is a major rail junction of south Rajasthan. The town still lacks connectivity to Bikaner, Ahmedabad, Jabalpur and Nagpur, so in order to catch trains for further cities one has to reach either Kota, Nagda or Ratlam.

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